E3S Web Conf.
Volume 187, 2020The 13th Thai Society of Agricultural Engineering International Conference (TSAE 2020)
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Energy and Environment|
|Published online||08 September 2020|
Physical properties and microstructure of fuel pellet made from parts of Para-rubber, She Oak and Cajuput trees
1 KMITL Prince of Chumphon Campus, Mechanical Engineering Department, 17/1 M.6 Chumkho Pathiu Chumphon, Thailand
2 National Metal and Materials Technology Center (MTEC), 114 Thailand Science Park, Phahonyothin Road, Khlong Nueng Khlong Luang, Pathum Thani Thailand
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
There are plenty of biomass resources in Thailand such as agricultural residues from plantations and industrial or woody processes. Biomass in the form of a pellet has more energy density than the original form moreover it is easier to handle and has a higher strength. This study selected woody parts from commonly found trees in Southern Thailand, fuel pellets were made to examine the physical properties and microstructure. Para-rubber (Hevea brasiliensis Muell. Arg.) sawdust and the branches and leaves of She Oak (Casuarina Equisetifolia) and the Cajuput tree (Melaleuca Cajuputi) were collected from the local area to make pellets by a single unit pellet mill at 130oC and 450 psi of compression temperature and pressure, respectively. The physical properties were characterized via pellet density, moisture content, heating value and compressive strength. Moreover, the microstructure of cross section area of pellet samples from the scanning electron microscope (SEM) pictures were proposed to observe the bonding mechanism. The results show that the different raw material provided different properties. The highest pellet strength, density and heating value was achieved from Cajuput leaves.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.