E3S Web Conf.
Volume 192, 2020VIII International Scientific Conference “Problems of Complex Development of Georesources” (PCDG 2020)
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Geotechnical and Geomechanical Problems of Development of Mineral Resources|
|Published online||30 September 2020|
Special aspects of explosive loosening with minimal rock displacement
Pacific State University, Chair of Transport and Technological Systems in Construction and Mining, 680035, Khabarovsk city, Russia;
2 “AVT-Amur” Limited Liability Company, 675000, Blagoveshchensk city, Russia
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
The dynamics of the development of an industrial mass explosion at deceleration intervals of 150x200 ms on a frame-by-frame video recording on a consumer video camera with a shooting frequency of 25 frames per second is studied. Possibilities of visual assessment of the explosion site of individual borehole charges are evaluated. The main difficulties in recording processing are caused by the difference in the intervals between frames (40 ms) and decelerations between charges (50 ms). A significant deviation of the actual deceleration intervals from the nominal value was revealed, which significantly changes the actual picture of the development of a mass explosion, including an increase in the actual development time of a mass explosion against the calculated one. The passage through the zones of the location of individual borehole charges up to 40 stress waves was established. Such multiple impacts of stress waves are expressed in a decrease in the magnitude of the interval velocities of dust and gas emissions as the number of impacts of stress waves increases. Due to the multiple effects of stress waves in the extension stage, the fracturing of the rock mass increases. This is expressed in a decrease in the dynamics, and then in the termination of the outburst of bottom hole material as the disturbance of rocks in the prefracture zone increases. There is no breakdown of rocks; the “ore-rock” contacts have retained their original position, which makes it possible to reduce the dilution of ore to a minimum.
Key words: preliminary destruction / borehole charges / deceleration intervals / ore-rock contacts
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.