E3S Web Conf.
Volume 194, 20202020 5th International Conference on Advances in Energy and Environment Research (ICAEER 2020)
|Number of page(s)||4|
|Section||Energy Engineering and Energy Development and Utilization|
|Published online||15 October 2020|
Study on Prevention of Gas Channelling of Acid-resistant Gel Foam in CO2 Flooding of Low Permeability Reservoir
1-State Key Laboratory of Enhanced Oil Recovery, Research Institute of Petroleum Exploration & Development (RIPED), Beijing, 100083, People’s Republic of China
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
With the shortage of recoverable reserves in conventional oil reservoirs, the development of low-permeability oil reservoirs has received more and more attention. The oil recovery of low-permeability reservoirs can be significantly improved by CO2 flooding, as it can effectively supply formation energy. CO2 flooding is an effective technology for increasing oil production in low-permeability reservoirs. However, because of the heterogeneity of the reservoir and the effect of natural fractures, CO2 gas channelling easily occurs during CO2 flooding, seriously reducing CO2 flooding effect. In this study, the gas channelling technology of acid-resistant gel foam was investigated. Preferred acid-resistant gel foam system formula was found as 0.1% by mass of AOS foaming agent with 0.3% to 0.4% by mass of instant HPAM polymer and 1% to 2% by mass of water-soluble phenolic resin crosslinking agent. This system still has a good foaming ability and blocking performance under at pH=2 and a salinity of 10×104 mg/L. After 60 days of aging under oil reservoir conditions, there is no obvious water separation, and the plugging strength retention rate reached more than 60%. The gel foam channelling system can be applied to highly heterogeneous and low permeability reservoirs with a permeability gradient higher than 14 and can increase the recovery rate by more than 20% based on the CO2 flooding. Acid-resistant gel foam channelling technology can effectively inhibit CO2 gas channelling and improve CO2 flooding effect in low permeability reservoirs.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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