E3S Web Conf.
Volume 195, 20204th European Conference on Unsaturated Soils (E-UNSAT 2020)
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Teoretical and Numerical Models|
|Published online||16 October 2020|
Water-entry pressure in water repellent soils: a review
Department of Civil Engineering, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Water repellent soils can be naturally promoted (e.g. after wildfires) or synthetically induced by mixing with hydrophobic compounds (e.g. polydimethylsiloxane). The study of soil water repellency has lasted for over one century which implied the significant effect of soil water repellency on water infiltration, evaporation, soil strength, and soil stability. Water repellent soils can also be exploited by geotechnical engineers to offer novel and economical solutions for ground infrastructure. This paper synthesizes different methods for assessing soil water repellency based on varied indexes (e.g. contact angle, time for a drop to infiltrate) and with a focus on water entry pressure. Measurements of these parameters in synthetic water- repellent sands were taken, some results of which are summarized with discussion of key factors affecting water repellency. A comparison of these methods shows that water entry pressure can be more representative for assessing the water repellency of bulk samples.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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