E3S Web Conf.
Volume 195, 20204th European Conference on Unsaturated Soils (E-UNSAT 2020)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Special Session on Biocementation|
|Published online||16 October 2020|
Implementation of biocementation for a partially saturated problematic soil of the UK railway network
1 London South Bank University, 103 Borough Road, SE1 0AA London, UK
2 School of Natural Sciences, Faculty of Science and Technology, Middlesex University, UK
3 Network Rail, UK
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
This paper refers to biocementation of a problematic soil of the UK railway network as a potential stabilisation technique of this soil using indigenous ureolytic bacteria. The soil is peat, a soft foundation soil also subject to oxidation wastage. As the peat is under existing embankments, electrokinetics (EK) is proposed as a promising technique to implement treatments. In the context of unsaturated soils the paper thus focuses on two particular aspects relevant for the implementation of treatments and the stability of this soil, namely: a) the effect of degree of saturation of the peat on the bio-electrokinetic treatment ; b) the soil water retention curve of the soil affecting flow and transport; these are relevant as we focus on understanding and modelling the implementation of treatments through electrokinetics; moreover for the peat it is of importance to understand moisture exchange in the vadose zone and control groundwater table levels (e.g. during electrokinetics) in order to prevent further oxidation. After isolation and screening of indigenous microorgansisms Bacillus licheniformis was selected for further testing. The results in terms of unconfined compressive strength, CaCO3 content, swelling and compression behaviour and water retention proved the feasibility of biocementation using this indigenous microorganism. Ongoing work is assessing the required treated soil characteristics and related required biocementation degree to solve UK rail's peat foundation problems. Upscaling of the techniques towards in situ implementation is also planned in the next stage of the research.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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