E3S Web Conf.
Volume 197, 202075th National ATI Congress – #7 Clean Energy for all (ATI 2020)
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Section||Hydraulics and Pneumatics|
|Published online||22 October 2020|
Downstream Compensator: Innovative Systems, Modeling Analysis and Energy Optimization
UniNA FPRG, University of Naples “Federico II”, Via Claudio 21, 80125 Naples, Italy
2 Walvoil SpA, via Adige 13/D, 42124 Reggio Emilia, Italy
3 C.N.R.-IMAMOTER, Via Canalbianco 28, 44124 Cassana (FE), Italy
4 University of Sannio, Piazza Roma 21, 82100 Benevento, Italy
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
The Energy optimization is becoming fundamental in the Fluid Power world. University and industries are working hard to promote innovative and efficient ideas to optimize components that are the main cause of energy dissipation of ICE and recently Electric Off-Road vehicles. A new hydraulic layout based on the concept of “Downstream compensation” is introduced and then validated using real test data. Three architectures of this innovative Directional Control Valve are presented in this paper. The first idea of layout includes a compensator controlled by two pressure signals taken before and after the main spool of the hydraulic circuit. Thanks to its controlled stroke, this compensator diverts to a highpressure accumulator part of flow that otherwise would be delivered to the tank. Moreover, two different layouts able to satisfy the Flow Sharing characteristic were developed. In any configuration, the compensator, thanks to its downstream position, allows to control the return flow, realizing a remarkable energy recovery from the overrunning loads and the simultaneous use of multiple actuators at different pressure levels.
For all the analyzed hydraulic circuit, lumped parameter models were realized, using a commercial software. These models, validated with experimental tests, have allowed to calculate the energy recovery achieved by the system. Moreover, an optimization of the most important system’s parameters and components were realized to improve the system efficiency. In every tested configuration, this compensator ensures great advantages for both the energy recovery and the economic point of view. Finally, an outlook is drawn of the reuse of recovered flow through the application of an electrohydraulic motor.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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