E3S Web Conf.
Volume 214, 20202020 International Conference on Energy Big Data and Low-carbon Development Management (EBLDM 2020)
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Big Data Analysis Application and Energy Consumption Research|
|Published online||07 December 2020|
Research and Practice of Quantitative Models on The Freedom of Trade Based on AHP-FCE Method: Taking Major Countries in WTO as Examples
1 Shanghai University of International, Business and Economics, Shanghai China
2 Shanghai University of International, Business and Economics, Shanghai China
3 Institute of Artificial Intelligence and Change Management/Shanghai University of International Business and Economics, Shanghai China
4 Shanghai University of International, Business and Economics, Shanghai China
5 Changsha university of science and technology, Hunan China
In recent years, protectionism and unilateralism in the field of international trade are increasing. The WTO-centric multilateral trade regime has been hit. By researching the index of trade freedom among countries in international trade, this paper takes five important countries in WTO as an example, and constructs the trade freedom index and the national trade freedom model. The study reviewed and analysed global and regional developments in cross-border trade and investigated five varialbes that impacted the index of trade freedom. Then the fuzzy comprehensive analysis method (FCE) is used to obtain the comprehensive evaluation matrix by fuzzy arithmetic processing through the evaluation index weight and fuzzy relation matrix. Therefore, the changing data of the index of trade freedom in five countries from 2017 to 2018 are obtained. It is discovered that there is a significant difference in the index of trade freedom among countries. What’s worse, the average of the global index has declined year by year. This phenomenon is caused by the decline of global trade volume and the prevalence of new trade barriers. In the end, this paper proposes the implementation of multilateral negotiations and the establishment of long-term penalties as possible solutions.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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