E3S Web of Conf.
Volume 222, 2020International Scientific and Practical Conference “Development of the Agro-lndustrial Complex in the Context of Robotization and Digitalization of Production in Russia and Abroad” (DAIC 2020)
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Efficient Production, Storage, Processing and Pre-sale Preparation of Agricultural Products. Creation of Safe and High-quality, Including Functional Food Products Based on Modern Genetic and Breeding Methods in Crop Production and Animal Husbandry|
|Published online||22 December 2020|
Competitive ability of grain-forage varieties of spring vetch when grown in a mixture with rapeseed
Federal State Budgetary Institution “Ural Federal Agrarian Scientific Research Center of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences”, 620142 Yekaterinburg, Russia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The object of the research is to study the influence of the method of growing mown and grain-forage varieties of spring vetch in mixed crops with spring rapeseed on the seed yield and crop structure. Indicators that characterize productivity, intensity of arable land use, competitiveness and aggressiveness of crops are considered. Sowing spring vetch with a seeding rate of 1.3, 0.8, 0.6 and 0.4 million germinating seeds per hectare mixed with rapeseed leads to the formation of a grain crop that significantly exceeds the yield for single-species vetch sowing. Evaluation of Land Equivalent Ratio (LER) shows that when using vetch-rapeseed crops, the productivity of 1 ha of arable land increases from 1.38 to 1.98 times, while both the influence of varietal specificity and the seeding rate of the legume component is manifested. The efficiency of arable land use increases due to the interaction of both crops and increasing their competitiveness in the agrocenosis. In the conditions of the Middle Urals, high efficiency of vetch cultivation in mixed crops with rapeseed was revealed, and the influence of changes in the seeding rate on the yield of spring vetch seeds was established.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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