E3S Web Conf.
Volume 234, 2021The International Conference on Innovation, Modern Applied Science & Environmental Studies (ICIES2020)
|Number of page(s)||4|
|Published online||02 February 2021|
Determination of correction factor of self-absorption for lead-210 in environment samples using spike method
1 LPMS, Physics Department, University of Ibn Tofail UIT, P. O. Box 133, Kenitra, Morocco
2 Physics Department, Damascus University, Damascus, Syria
3 Department of Protection and Safety, Atomic Energy Commission of Syria AECS, Damascus, Syria
4 Basic Science Department, Faculty of Electrical and Mechanical Engineering, Damascus University, Syria
5 ENSAM Rabat université MohammedV - Rabat - Morocco
6 Université Abdelmalek Saadi - Faculté des Sciences- Tétouan – Morocco
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
In environment radiation measurement, calculation the correction factors are critical, especially for low energy measurement because of self-absorption phenomena. In this work the main purpose is to determination the self-absorption correction factors of lead-210 (210Pb) energy (46.5keV) in various environment samples (7 sediments, 5 soil) using an experimental method called Spike Method. The samples were collecting from different places in Syrian. They were prepared according to the laboratory producers starting from collecting, cleaning, drying, grounding, hemogenic and calculating the appearance density. Low-energy gamma spectroscopy HPGe was used for radiation analysis which available at the laboratories of the Protection and Safety Department - Syrian Atomic Energy Commission – Syria. The spike method depends on adding a quantity of a standard solution with a known activity which contains lead isotope 210Pb and added to the studied samples. Self-absorption correction factors (CF) calculated by the ratio of the count rate or activity of spiked and unspiked samples. The CF for sediment samples were between 29% to 54% and for soil samples, the CFs were between 38% to 56% recording correction higher than sediment samples. The results showed a relatively high self-absorption and CFs values because of the chemical composition changeable between the spiked and unspiked samples. For that, it is better to adopt other methods less expensive, give results faster, higher accuracy and do not make change in the chemical composition. The results were also showed the density factor is the most influential factor in self-absorption phenomena.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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