E3S Web Conf.
Volume 234, 2021The International Conference on Innovation, Modern Applied Science & Environmental Studies (ICIES2020)
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Published online||02 February 2021|
Induced mutagenesis for improving water stress tolerance in durum wheat (Triticumturgidum L. subsp. durum)
1 Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences and Technology - Mohammedia, Hassan the Second University, Mohammedia, Morocco
2 Center of Water, Natural Resources, Environment and Sustainable Development (CERNE2D), Faculty of Sciences, Mohammed V University in Rabat, Morocco
3 Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences – Oujda (FSO), Mohammed the First University (UMP) – Oujda, Morocco
4 Higher Normal School of Technical Education (HNSTE). Mohammed V University in Rabat, Morocco
5 National Institute of Agronomic Research (INRA) BP: 10101, Rabat, Morocco
Over the Water deficit is considered to be one of the most important limiting factors for crop productivity worldwide. Thus, it is important to use water resources more efficiently. One of the ways to conserve water and respond to the climate change is by using appropriate crop species and cultivars, notably which have low requirements for water.Chemical mutagens have contributed immensely to the development of a wide range of genetic variability and the improvement of several crop plants, including durum wheat. This study has the aim of understanding the effect of water stress on some morpho-physiological parameters and identifying tolerant lines to water stress from an EMS-mutated population in durum wheat. The results, under moderate (T1) and severe (T2) conditions of water stress,show the positive effect of mutagenesis on the population resulting in tolerantmutated linesto water deficit. Compared to the non-mutated, 32.15% of lines have a higher specific leaf weight; 57.14% of lines have a better ability to maintain a high water content and 75% of all lines demonstrate a very high intensity of chlorophyll fluorescence .In sum, this study has revealed the improvement of water stress tolerance in some induced durum wheat mutants.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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