E3S Web Conf.
Volume 246, 2021Cold Climate HVAC & Energy 2021
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Section||Renewable Energy Production|
|Published online||29 March 2021|
The effect of biogas fermentation assisted by simple solar greenhouse
School of Mechanical Engineering, Tongji University, 1239 Siping Road, Shanghai 200092, China
* Corresponding Author: Tel: +86 21 65984243, Fax: +86 21 65983605 E-mail: email@example.com
Biogas fermentation rate is largely affected by environment temperature, causing a much more difficult production of biogas digesters in cold winter, for most regions in China. Combining the abundant solar energy resources and biomass dry anaerobic fermentation together, solar thermal energy can guarantee the production of biogas in winter. With this method, the prediction of the appropriate fermentation temperature is required. In this study, the effect of temperature on biogas fermentation was studied. To predict the fermentation temperature, a heat transfer model of biogas fermentation based on a project in city Xuzhou, which assisted with a simple solar greenhouse, was established according to the heat transfer theory. The maximum difference between the measured and calculated fermentation temperature was 2%. The effect of biogas fermentation assisted by simple solar greenhouse in typical city of different climate zones, including severe cold region, cold region and hot summer and cold winter region, was studied with the combination of heat transfer model and temperature-based biogas production rates prediction model. The results showed that, the gas production rate of biogas fermentation increases with the increase of temperature in a certain range. Assisted by simple solar greenhouse, the biogas digester temperature is increased by 6~8°C compared with the previous one, ensuring a better daily gas production rate of 0.5~0.7m3/m3 in winter.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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