E3S Web Conf.
Volume 246, 2021Cold Climate HVAC & Energy 2021
|Number of page(s)
|Renewable Energy Production
|29 March 2021
The climate adaptability evaluation of biogas fermentation assisted by solar greenhouse
School of Mechanical Engineering, Tongji University, 1239 Siping Road, Shanghai 200092, China
* Corresponding Author: Tel: +86 21 65984243, Fax: +86 21 65983605 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
The production efficiency of biogas digesters is largely restricted by the low environment temperature in winter, for most regions of China. As a feasible means of warming and heat preservation, solar greenhouse has the ability to expand the application scope and service time of biogas in rural China. The evaluation of climate adaptability of solar greenhouse is of great importance and imminent, due to the fact that both solar energy and biomass resources are affected by climate. In this paper, a complete evaluation index system for climate adaptability of biogas fermentation assisted by solar greenhouse was established. The indicators of the evaluation index system were selected by means of frequency analysis and theoretical analysis. The weights of the indicators, including solar radiation, outdoor air temperature, crop yields and human and animal manure, were determined by analytic hierarchy process combined with literature research, and the scoring rules were based on the objective significance of each indicator. The climate adaptability of typical cities in the Yangtze River Delta was evaluated with the evaluation index system. Among the cities, Hefei shows the best comprehensive adaptability, and then is Xuzhou, Shanghai, Nanjing, and the lowest adaptability, Hangzhou. The comprehensive adaptability results of these cities depend not only on the gas production capacity, but also on the biomass resource and solar radiation.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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