E3S Web Conf.
Volume 246, 2021Cold Climate HVAC & Energy 2021
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Published online||29 March 2021|
Impact of office tenants’ electricity use on the cost-optimal solutions in a cold climate
1 nZEB Research Group, Tallinn University of Technology, Ehitajate tee 5, 19086 Tallinn, Estonia
2 Smart City Center of Excellence, Tallinn University of Technology, Ehitajate tee 5, 19086 Tallinn, Estonia
* Corresponding author : email@example.com
The buildings’ energy performance requirements in Estonia are based on cost-optimality analysis according to the EPBD and pre-defined building performance simulation (BPS) input data from EN 16798-1:2019. Previous studies have shown that the real electricity use of office building tenants differs from the currently used input data in BPS in Estonia – less in total energy use, but more in the shape of the profiles. The aim of this work is to investigate what is the impact of these differences on the cost-optimal solutions, which are identified based on BPS and the self-consumption of the photovoltaic panel (PV) systems. This study describes the energy performance and construction cost analysis of a new office building in Tallinn, Estonia. BPS based on the EN 16798-1 and a model derived from measurements in a real building were conducted and cost-optimal building solutions identified. The variables were building envelope insulation thickness, air handling unit size and effectiveness, electrical lighting control principles and PV system nominal power. The calculated energy use of the building with the two different sets of input data differed significantly. However, the set of cost-optimal solutions identified with EN 16798-1:2019 input data had minor differences from the set of solutions identified with the more realistic model. The decrease of net present value over 20-year period for cost-optimal solution was 11-14 €/m2 compared to the designed building.The realistic office tenants’ electricity model increased the calculated self-consumption of the PV system from 95% to 100%.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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