E3S Web Conf.
Volume 246, 2021Cold Climate HVAC & Energy 2021
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Section||Measured Energy Use|
|Published online||29 March 2021|
Tenant-based measured electricity use in 4 large office buildings in Tallinn, Estonia
1 Department of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Tallinn University of Technology, 19086 Tallinn, Estonia
2 Department of Electrical Power Engineering and Mechatronics, Tallinn University of Technology, 19086 Tallinn, Estonia
3 Smart City Center of Excellence, Tallinn University of Technology, Ehitajate tee 5, 19086 Tallinn, Estonia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The energy performance assessment of buildings during design is usually based on energy simulations with pre-defined input data from standards and legislations. Typically, the internal gain values and profiles are based on EN 16798–1. However, studies have shown that the real electricity use of plug load and lighting varies more smoothly than in the profiles of EN 16798–1 where zero occupancy outside working hours is assumed. This might result in sub-optimal building solutions due to inadequate building performance simulation input data. The aim of this work is to structure and analyse data from a total of 196 electricity meters in 4 large office buildings in Tallinn, Estonia. Typically, 3 to 8 electricity meters were installed per floor with the consumption coming mainly from plug loads and electric lighting. The data had been gathered between the years 2016–2020 with either 1 or 24 hour time steps, depending on the building and the electricity meter. 3 out of the 4 buildings had an average normalized energy usage slightly below the modelling value calculated according to EN16798–1. Some office spaces stood out with an abnormally high electricity consumption, however, the 24-hour distributions were fairly compact, meaning quite steady consumption patterns. When looking at the dispersion of energy consumption per 24h, averaged over all given offices in a building, no outliers stood out, either. This means that there are not many days when the average consumption and internal heat gains of all offices were simultaneously well below the mean. Additionally, major events like holidays and the COVID19-induced lockdown show up well on the graphs, but also planned changes in occupancy can be seen.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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