E3S Web Conf.
Volume 246, 2021Cold Climate HVAC & Energy 2021
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Section||Performance Assessment and Characterization|
|Published online||29 March 2021|
Continuous automated ventilation heat recovery efficiency performance assessment using building monitoring system
1 Nearly Zero Energy Buildings Research Group, Department of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Tallinn University of Technology, 19086 Tallinn, Estonia
2 Centre for Intelligent Systems, Department of Computer Systems, Tallinn University of Technology, 19086 Tallinn, Estonia
3 R8 Technologies company, Tallinn 11415, Estonia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The performance of ventilation heat recovery has high impact to the total energy consumption of modern buildings and its sub-optimal performance results in a remarkable energy penalty. There are several issues, which can significantly affect the heat recovery efficiency such as the inaccuracy of sensors, errors in control systems, mechanical defects and incorrect setting of the system. In addition, the direct comparison of the designed and measured heat recovery efficiency is not necessarily meaningful due to varying boundary conditions e.g. mass flow rates. The main focus of this paper is to develop and demonstrate a simple automated method for monitoring the heat recovery efficiency of ventilation units using building monitoring system (BMS). As the supply and extract air mass flows and temperatures may differ from the calculated initial design parameters, the proposed solution is to analyse the heat recovery efficiency using the number of transfer unit (NTU) method. With this method the efficiency is always calculated by the limiting mass flow, meaning that the warm exhaust air can not transfer more energy to the cold supply air than it is able to contain. As a result, the NTU method gives us the possibility to continuously compare the result to the temperature efficiency declared by the producer of the unit. The developed method demonstrated that the application of NTU method enables identifying sub-optimal performance of ventilation heat recovery, which would not have been revealed by direct comparison of temperature efficiencies. In some cases, low measured temperature efficiency was associated with problems not connected to the heat recovery heat exchanger. The method also enabled to estimate the additional heating costs due to the decreased heat recovery efficiency.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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