E3S Web Conf.
Volume 246, 2021Cold Climate HVAC & Energy 2021
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Advanced HVAC Control|
|Published online||29 March 2021|
Impact of different mechanical ventilation strategies for night purging on indoor air quality in public buildings
1 Aalto University School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sähkömiehentie 4, 02150 Espoo, Finland
2 Nanjing Tech University, College of Urban Construction, Nanjing, 210009 China
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Night-time ventilation has been used in non-residential buildings to enhance indoor air quality before occupied periods. However, many hypotheses exist on how this ventilation should be used. A typical choice has been to shut down the ventilation after occupancy and restart the ventilation again 2 hours before occupancy. Another option has been to ventilate the buildings continuously. In this study, the shut-down, continuous, and intermittent ventilation strategies were compared by evaluating indoor air quality. The daily occupied-hour ventilation was kept as usual. Each test case lasted for 2 weeks. Indoor air quality was assessed by measuring TVOC concentrations. Also, the thermal conditions, carbon dioxide, and pressure differences over the building envelope and over the air distribution devices were measured. The results show that the averaged TVOC concentrations were at the same level in the mornings with all those ventilation strategies. The evening concentrations reached a minimum level after a 2-hour purging period. TVOC concentrations were higher during the day than at night. This reveals that space usage had the largest effect on TVOC concentrations. The results indicate that a 2-hour purging is enough to cleanse indoor air before occupancy, and therefore the continuous night-time ventilation is not necessary.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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