E3S Web Conf.
Volume 263, 2021XXIV International Scientific Conference “Construction the Formation of Living Environment” (FORM-2021)
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Reliability of Buildings and Constructions and Safety in Construction|
|Published online||28 May 2021|
Internal explosion. Pressure peaks
Moscow State University of Civil Engineering, Yaroslavskoe shosse, 26, Moscow, 129337, Russia
* Corresponding author: SalymovaEY@mgsu.ru
Internal emergency gas explosions occur at threatening intervals and cause significant destruction. The level of destruction indicates the imperfection of protection methods. Documents regulating the use of safety structures for the protection of buildings during an internal explosion are limited by the assignment of the area of openings covered by safety structures, without taking into account the properties of these structures, attachment methods and the rate of pressure increase during an explosion. The purpose of the work is to take into account as much as possible the influence of the properties of the protective structures, their attachment and the nature of the explosion on the dynamics of the explosion pressure change. The second goal is to obtain a methodology for converting the results of experimental results obtained on small volumes to determine the parameters of an explosion in conditions of large volume. The goals are achieved by the theory of dimensions and similarity using numerical modeling. The work revealed dimensionless complexes describing pressure dynamics both during opening of openings and at the moment of maximum power of energy release during explosion. Possibility of experimental scale modeling of processes of opening of safety structures is shown. In particular, it is shown that during an explosion in premises of a small volume (residential), the pressure during opening is more often critical.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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