E3S Web Conf.
Volume 265, 2021Actual Problems of Ecology and Environmental Management (APEEM 2021)
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Published online||03 June 2021|
Biodegradation of organophosphorus insecticide methyl parathion by soil microorganisms
1 Institute of biotechnology, Vietnam - Russia Tropical Center, 63 Nguyen Van Huyen Str., Ha Noi, Vietnam
2 Institute of Tropical Ecology, Vietnam - Russia Tropical Center, 63 Nguyen Van Huyen Str., Ha Noi, Vietnam
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Organophosphorus compounds (OPs) have been widely used as effective insecticides. As a result, using too many OPs causes the residues of pesticides to be washed away into the water or soil, not only polluting water and soil, also directly or indirectly affecting environment and human health. Besides many countries and terrorists also use them as chemical warfare weapons. They are very dangerous neurotoxins to humans, animals and the environment. In the soil, there are many microorganisms that can degrade OPs, helping to release the accumulation of these toxic substances. In this study, two effective OP-degrading bacterial strains P9 and H14 has been isolated from agricultural land in Ha Nam province, Vietnam. We had used DNA barcodes (16S rRNA) to molecular identification of Klebsiella variicola (P9) and Priestia aryabhattai (H14) and deposited in GenBank MW644772, MW644771, respectively. Moreover, at an initial concentration of methyl parathion 50 mg/L, in investigative culture mediums and conditions, strain P9 degraded 100% of methyl parathion after 7 days in Luria-Bertani (LB) liquid culture. Maximum growth of P9 strains was observered after 6 days incubation (OD600=3.34). This study is an effort to open a direction of applying them in the treatment of OPs contaminated soils and water.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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