E3S Web Conf.
Volume 169, 2020Actual Problems of Ecology and Environmental Management: Cooperation for Sustainable Development and Environmental Safety (APEEM 2020)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Published online||19 May 2020|
Impact of black yeasts on the durability of polyurethane foam in tropical conditions in Vietnam
Institute of biotechnology, Vietnam Russia Tropical Center, 63 Nguyen Van Huyen Str., Vietnam
2 Institute of ecology, Vietnam Russia Tropical Center, 63 Nguyen Van Huyen Str., Vietnam
3 The Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Polyurethane (PU) is a material that is widely used in industries. However, tropical climatic conditions in Vietnam often make the durability of PU lower than temperate climatic conditions. One of the causes of this problem is the biodegradation of microorganisms. In this study, biological characteristics of black yeast on PU is evaluated, thereby, initially assessing the impact of black yeast on the durability of PU in tropical conditions. Ten strains of black yeast were isolated from used PU foam samples in Vietnam. These black yeast strains were tested for enzyme activity including: urease activity, protease activity, polyurethanase activity. There were two strains selected to identify based on sequence analysis of the ITS1/ITS2 region, they belong to genus Aureobasidium. VN1Y3 was strain selected for biodegradability testing of PU foam samples. After 28 days of testing, the PU foam samples that have been infected with black yeasts have a change compared to the control in terms of color, surface, tensile strength, elongation. Research results have showed the impact of black yeast on the durability of PU.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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