E3S Web Conf.
Volume 302, 20212021 Research, Invention, and Innovation Congress (RI2C 2021)
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Environmental Science and Engineering|
|Published online||10 September 2021|
Improvement of potassium permanganate pretreatment by enzymatic saccharification of rice straw for production of biofuels
Department of Agro-Industrial, Food, and Environmental Technology, Faculty of Applied Science, King Mongkut’s University of Technology North Bangkok (KMUTNB), Bangkok, Thailand
2 School of Biosciences and Technology (SBST), Vellore Institute of Technology (VIT) Vellore, Tamilnadu, India
3 Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Applied Science, King Mongkut’s University of Technology North Bangkok (KMUTNB), Bangkok, Thailand
4 Department of Chemical and Process Engineering, The Sirindhorn International Thai-German Graduate School of Engineering (TGGS), King Mongkut’s University of Technology North Bangkok (KMUTNB), Bangkok, Thailand
5 Biorefinery and Process Automation Engineering Center (BPAEC), King Mongkut’s University of Technology North Bangkok (KMUTNB), Bangkok, Thailand
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Commonly, the agricultural waste, i.e. lignocellulosic biomass is disposed through combustion causing air pollution with production of PM2.5 and PM10 particles. However, it has been found that these biomasses can be used as source for the production of biofuels and other valuable biochemicals. Though deconstruction of lignocellulosic biomass is challenging due to its complex structure. In this study, rice straw (RS) was pretreated using potassium permanganate (KMnO4) to enhance the enzymatic saccharification efficiency. The study was carried out by varying the operational factors in pretreatment, including temperature (30-90°C), time (30-360 min) and concentration of KMnO4 (0.5-3.0, % w/v), respectively, based on Box-Behnken design (BBD). Through multi-regression analysis of the experimental data obtained after pretreatment, the optimum conditions were determined. The optimum conditions for temperature, time and potassium permanganate concentration were 48.09°C, 360 min, and 1.36% w/v, respectively. The saccharifications of pretreatment and untreated rice straw were carried out using Cellic Ctec2. The reducing sugar was determined by using DNS method and the yields of the untreated and pretreated RS were 32.38 and 49.011 mg/mL, respectively. The results showed that the sugar for pretreated RS were 1.51 fold times higher compared to untreated RS. Therefore, this work illustrates the pretreatment efficiency for KMnO4 to enhance the reducing sugar yield during saccharification, which can be used for biofuel and value-added product productions.
Key words: Potassium permanganate / Pretreatment / Enzymatic saccharification / Biorefinery / Biofuels
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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