E3S Web Conf.
Volume 302, 20212021 Research, Invention, and Innovation Congress (RI2C 2021)
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Environmental Science and Engineering|
|Published online||10 September 2021|
Effect of sodium hydroxide pretreatment on released sugar yields from pomelo peels for biofuel production
Department of Chemical Engineering (ChE) Faculty of Engineering, King Mongkut’s University of Technology North Bangkok (KMUTNB), Bangkok, Thailand
2 Department of Chemical and Process Engineering, The Sirindhorn International Thai-German Graduate School of Engineering (TGGS), King Mongkut’s University of Technology North Bangkok (KMUTNB), Bangkok, Thailand
3 Department of Chemistry, University of New England: Armidale, New South Wales, Australia
4 Biorefinery and Process Automation Engineering Center (BPAEC), King Mongkut’s University of Technology North Bangkok (KMUTNB), Bangkok, Thailand
Most of the agricultural wastes in developing countries are disposed of by on-site combustion leading to unmanaged environmental pollutions. Conversion of agricultural wastes to value-added products, such as bioethanol and biogas, is a promising method to reduce agro-waste after harvesting seasons. In this study, Citrus maxima peels (Pomelo peels) was selected to be converted to reducing sugars, which could be a raw material to produce other value-added products. To promote enzymatic hydrolysis reactions, pomelo peels were pretreated with sodium hydroxide by variations of three pretreatment parameters, including temperature (50-100 ºC), time (0.5-6 h), and concentration of NaOH (0.5-3.0 M). Box-Behnken design (BBD) was applied in Response Surface Methodology (RSM) to determine the optimized pretreatment condition and to find the relationship between pretreatment factors and reducing sugar yields. The predicted optimal pretreatment condition was determined to be at 94.28 ºC, 4.5h, 2.17M with reducing sugar yield of 98.9 mg/g of dried pomelo peels. The results clearly showed that reducing sugar yields obtained from pretreated pomelo peels were 1.87 folds higher than untreated biomass (52.81 mg/g of pomelo peels). Therefore, this study demonstrated the potential of pomelo peels to be used as an alternative raw material for value-added products rather than being a landfill or causal agent of pollution.
Key words: Sodium hydroxide / Pretreatment / Enzymatic saccharification / Biorefinery / Biofuels
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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