E3S Web Conf.
Volume 303, 2021The 10th Anniversary Russian-Chinese Symposium “Clean Coal Technologies: Mining, Processing, Safety, and Ecology” 2021
|Number of page(s)||12|
|Published online||17 September 2021|
A new slick water system for hydraulic fracturing in tight reservoir to enhance imbibition oil recovery
1 College of Energy and Mining Engineering, Shandong University of Science and Technology, Qingdao, Shandong, 266590, China
2 Shandong Key Laboratory of Oilfield Chemistry, China University of Petroleum (East China), Qingdao 266580
3 Jidong oilfield, CNPC, Tangshan, Hebei, 063000, China
In order to give full play to the role of imbibition of capillary force and enhance oil recovery of ultralow permeability sandstone reservoir after hydraulic fracturing, the mixed water fracture technology based on functional slick water is described and successfully applied to several wells in oilfield. The core of the technology is determination of influence factors of imbibition oil recovery, the development of new functional slick water system and optimization of volume fracturing parameters. The imbibition results show that it is significant effect of interfacial tension, wetting on imbibition oil recovery. The interfacial tension decreases by an order of magnitude, the imbibition oil recovery reduces by more than 10%. The imbibition oil recovery increases with the contact angle decreasing. The emulsifying ability has no obvious effect on imbibition oil recovery. The functional slick water system considering imbibition is developed based on the solution rheology and polymer chemistry. The system has introduced the active group and temperature resistant group into the polymer molecules. The molecular weight is controlled in 1.5 million. The viscosity is greater than 2mPa·s after shearing 2h under 170s-1 and 100℃. The interfacial tension could decrease to 10-2mN/m. The contact angle decreased from 58° to 22° and the core damage rate is less than 12%. The imbibition oil recovery could reach to 43%. The fracturing process includes slick water stage and linear gel stage. 10% 100 mesh ceramists and 8% temporary plugging agents are carried into the formation by functional slick water. 40-70 mesh ceramists are carried by linear gel. The liquid volume ratio is about 4:1 and the displacement is controlled at 10-12m3/min. The sand content and fracturing fluid volumes of single stage are 80m3 and 2500 m3 respectively. Compared with conventional fracturing, due to imbibition oil recovery, there is only 25% of the fracturing fluid flowback rate when the crude oil flew out. When the oil well is in normal production, about 50% of the fracturing fluid is not returned. It is useful to maintain the formation energy and slow down the production decline. The average cumulative production of vertical wells is greater than 2800t, and the effective period is more than 2 years. This technology overcoming the problem of high horizontal stress difference and lack of natural fracture has been successfully applied in Jidong Oilfield ultralow permeability reservoir. The successful application of this technology not only helps to promote the effective use of ultralow permeability reservoirs, but also helps to further clarify the role of imbibition recovery, energy storage and oil-water replacement mechanism.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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