E3S Web Conf.
Volume 303, 2021The 10th Anniversary Russian-Chinese Symposium “Clean Coal Technologies: Mining, Processing, Safety, and Ecology” 2021
|Number of page(s)||17|
|Published online||17 September 2021|
Rational size and stability analysis of horizontal isolated pillars in deep mining from caving to filling method
1 College of Energy and Mining Engineering, Shandong University of Science and Technology, Qingdao, Shandong, 266590, China
2 School of Resources and Civil Engineering, Northeastern University, Shenyang, Liaoning, 110819, China
3 School of Resources and Safety Engineering, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan 410083, China
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
For mining using the caving and filling methods in metal mines, determining a suitable size for the isolated pillars—the connecting part of the extension from shallow to deep—is crucial for ensuring safety and efficiency. Considering actual cases involving deep caving and cut-and-fill mining in the Chifeng Hongling lead-zinc mine in Inner Mongolia, China, the reserved thickness range of the horizontal isolation layer is obtained via theoretical analysis. On this basis, the pre-processing software HyperMesh is used to build a high-precision hexahedral grid model of the mining area, and the three-dimensional geological model of the mining area is imported into the finite-difference software FLAC3D. The stress field, displacement field, and plastic area evolution law of pillars (horizontally isolated pillars and adjacent rib pillars) in the stope of the ninth middle section after excavation are analyzed via numerical simulation inversion of the selected scheme of horizontal isolated pillars. The numerical simulation results show that the scheme employed to retain the upper horizontal isolated pillars in the ninth middle section involves reserving thicknesses of 8 m and 32 m at average ore body thicknesses of 15 m and 35 m, respectively. These results can provide theoretical guidance and a basis for safe and efficient mining of deep metal mines.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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