E3S Web Conf.
Volume 309, 20213rd International Conference on Design and Manufacturing Aspects for Sustainable Energy (ICMED-ICMPC 2021)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Published online||07 October 2021|
Behaviour of flange joints in Steam Generator under thermal loads
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Indian Institute of Information Technology Design and Manufacturing, Chennai - 600127, India
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Pressure vessels such as steam generators are subjected to high temperature, in addition to high pressure during the operating condition. Flanges and bolts are made up of different materials whose coefficient of thermal expansion varies. Usually, thermal expansion in bolts is greater than that of flanges. At elevated temperatures bolts expand more than that of flanges, resulting in decrease of compression in connected members achieved during assembly stage, which in turn decreases the contact stress in gasket. This can lead to leakage of internal fluid. The loss in gasket contact stress due to differential thermal expansion can be nullified by using sleeves of higher thermal expansion between the flange-nut and flange-bolt head interfaces. At higher temperatures sleeves expand more than bolts and flanges, pushing the flanges closer towards each other, thus decreasing gap created due to differential thermal expansion. The behaviour of gasketed blind flange joint with and without sleeves is analysed and the performances are compared under thermal loads. The non-linear behaviour of gaskets is included by specifying the loading and unloading characteristics with hysteresis.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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