E3S Web Conf.
Volume 312, 202176th Italian National Congress ATI (ATI 2021)
|Number of page(s)||16|
|Section||Transforming Energy into Circular Economy|
|Published online||22 October 2021|
Energy profiling of end-users in service and industry sectors with use of Complex Network Analysis
1 Dipartimento di Ingegneria Astronautica, Elettrica ed Energetica, Sapienza Università di Roma
2 Dipartimento di Ingegneria Meccanica e Aerospaziale, Sapienza Università di Roma
3 ELIS Innovation Hub, Roma
Decarbonization scenarios advocate the transformation of energy systems to a decentralized grid of prosumers. However, in heterogeneous energy systems, profiling of end-users is still to be investigated. As a matter of fact, the knowledge of electrical load dynamics is instrumental to the system efficiency and the optimization of energy dispatch strategies. Recently, a number of clustering algorithms have been proposed to group load diagrams with similar shapes, generating typical profiles. To this end, conventional clustering algorithms are unable to capture the temporal dynamics and sequential relationships among data. This circumstance is of paramount importance in the service and industrial sectors where energy consumption trends over time are possibly non-stationary. In this paper, we aim to reconstruct the annual user energy profile identified through a non-conventional method which combines a time series clustering algorithm, namely K-Means with Dynamic Time Warping, with Complex Network Analysis. For the purpose of the present research, we have used an open database containing the data of 100 commercial and industrial consumers, collected every 5 minutes over a year. From the results, it is possible to identify different patterns of consumer behaviour and similar corporate profiles without any prior knowledge of the raw data.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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