E3S Web Conf.
Volume 334, 2022EFC21 - European Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Piero Lunghi Conference
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Fuel Cell Technologies|
|Published online||10 January 2022|
Impedance-based Solid Oxide Fuel Cell testing as scalable and reliable Quality Control tool for cell and batch manufacturing: first findings
1 ENEA, Laboratory of Energy Storage, Batteries and Hydrogen Production & Use, Department of Energy Technologies and Renewable Sources (TERIN-PSU-ABI), C.R. Casaccia, Via Anguillarese 301, 00123 Rome, Italy
2 Department of Industrial Engineering and Mathematical Sciences (DIISM), Università Politecnica delle Marche, Via Brecce Bianche 12, 60131 Ancona, Italy
3 Elcogen AS, Valukoja 23, 11415 Tallinn, Estonia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Testing is a necessary step in the manufacturing process of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFC) to assess the performance of the produced cells before on-field deployment. In this work, the implementation of Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS) and subsequent data elaboration via Equivalent Circuit Modelling (ECM) is evaluated as a viable experimental framework for characterization and Quality Control (QC) of cells or cell batches, complemented to standard polarization-based methods. By performing a statistical analysis of the ECM parameters (representative of each physico-chemical process) the cell and batch operational parameters can be determined and compared. The validity of the proposed methodology is assessed using a wide experimental dataset of a significant number of SOFC samples (20 cells from 3 batches – two of which identical and the third with an intentional modification in the manufacturing process in order to validate the proposed methodology) tested in identical conditions. Results show that the impedance-based method provide detailed information in terms of impedance breakdown (anode gas diffusion process resulting the main criticality), as well as confirming the preliminary results obtained from the polarization approach (Batch#2 showing the lowest total performance and highest uniformity). Highly reproducible intra-batch distributions of the ECM parameters encourage the applicability of such methodology for QC purposes, even with few data collected only in Open Circuit Voltage (OCV) conditions. A relevant deviation of charge transfer and diffusion resistances in Batch#3 respect to other batches is observed (not visible from the polarization curves), which is reconducted to the modified anode functional layer, opening potential applications of the proposed methodology to assess the impact of targeted modifications of manufacturing methods on specific cell electrochemical performances.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2022
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