E3S Web Conf.
Volume 334, 2022EFC21 - European Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Piero Lunghi Conference
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Fuel Cell Technologies|
|Published online||10 January 2022|
Redox Cycling for SOFC Accelerated Degradation
1 Institute of Electrochemistry and Energy Systems - Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 10 Acad. G. Bonchev, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
2 Dipartimento di Chimica e Chimica Industriale - University of Genova, via Dodecaneso 31, I-16146 Genoa, Italy
3 SOLIDpower S.p.A, Viale Trento 117, 38017, Mezzolombardo, Italy
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
This work aims at development of Accelerated Stress Tests for SOFC via artificial aging of the fuel electrode applying chemical and electrochemical (hydrogen starvation) redox cycling. In principle the degradation processes follows that of calendar aging (Ni coarsening and migration), but in addition it can bring to irreversible damages caused by the development of cracks at the interface anode/electrolyte due to the expansion/shrinkage of the Ni network. The challenge is to introduce conditions which will prevent the formation of cracks which can be done by partial oxidation. The advantage of the proposed methodology is that a mild level of oxidation can be regulated by direct impedance monitoring of the Ni network resistance changes during oxidation/reduction. Once the redox cycling conditions are fixed on bare anode and checked on anode/electrolyte sample for eventual cracks, the procedure can be introduced for AST in full cell configuration. The developed methodology is evaluated by comparative impedance analysis of artificially aged and calendar aged button cells. The results for 20 redox cycles which can be performed for 24 hours are comparable with those obtained for about 1600 hours operation in standard conditions which ensures more than 50 times acceleration.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2022
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