E3S Web Conf.
Volume 349, 202210th International Conference on Life Cycle Management (LCM 2021)
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Urban Living, Energy and Mobility|
|Published online||20 May 2022|
Design and material based Sustainable Mobility – Copper vs. REE
International Copper Association, Washington, D.C.
2 European Copper Institute, Brussels
3 CIDAUT Foundation, Parque Tecnologico Boecillo (Valladolid), Spain
* Corresponding author: ladji.Tikana@copperalliance.de
Carbon neutrality by 2050 is one of the greatest challenges of our society. Hence, the electrification of the mobility sector belongs to those to focus on, due to their high carbon intensity, when based on combustion engines. Therefore, electrification of power train is seen as a solution. Different alternative concepts with different materials exist to achieve the above-mentioned goal of decarbonisation of mobility. To provide a good basis for decision making in the automotive industry to support their sustainability goals for electric vehicles, the environmental impacts related to the manufacturing process of different types of electric motors (induction machines with copper rotor and also ferrite assisted and pure synchronous reluctance machines) in the typical power range of electric vehicles (75 kW and 200 kW) have been assessed. The work was carried out within the European Commission (EC) funded REFREEDRIVE (RFD) project (REFREEDRIVE – Rare Earth Free e-drives featuring low cost manufacturing). This paper intends to give some key facts which help answer some of the questions raised by stakeholders on sustainability, while comparing different concepts, the Induction Motors (IM) and the Synchronous Reluctance Motors (SynRel), both in different configurations.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2022
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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