E3S Web Conf.
Volume 356, 2022The 16th ROOMVENT Conference (ROOMVENT 2022)
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Underground Environment and Specialized Application|
|Published online||31 August 2022|
Review Of Fire And Smoke Control With Ventilation Systems In Tunnels
1 School of Building Services Science and Engineering, Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology, Xi’an 710055, China
2 School of Energy and Safety Engineering, Tianjin Chengjian University, Tianjin, China
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Underground spaces were paid more attention in the 21st century. As a special underground space, the development of tunnels was even faster. The damage in tunnel, caused by fire and other hazards, is worse than that in spaces above ground due to construction characteristics of underground spaces. Hot smoke cannot be exhausted in time when a fire occurs in tunnel. Therefore, space temperature rises quickly and flashover occurs. Meanwhile, smoke will be accumulated because of poor ventilation. Incomplete combustion, and production of harmful gases such as CO were caused. This review regarding modelling and design methods, based on the characteristics of tunnel fires, summarizes earlier findings and proposes further study plans.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2022
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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