E3S Web of Conf.
Volume 365, 2023IV International Scientific Conference “Construction Mechanics, Hydraulics and Water Resources Engineering” (CONMECHYDRO - 2022)
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Hydraulics of Structures, Hydraulic Engineering and Land Reclamation Construction|
|Published online||30 January 2023|
Flow division under a steady flow mode
"Tashkent institute of irrigation and agricultural mechanization of engineers", National research university, Tashkent, 100000, Uzbekistan
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Many scientists have been involved in the division of open streams. Existing methods for calculating fission nodes do not allow choosing their optimal designs that create a favorable regime for dividing flows. Most of the available results of studies of fission nodes are scattered, non-systematic, and in some cases, contain data that do not coincide with each other. The conducted studies of division nodes were carried out mainly for the steady flow regime; the flow turbulence issues in the flow division section have been little studied. However, in practice, an unsteady flow regime and an increase in flow turbulence are often observed, which leads to complex channel processes in the water intake area. The aim of the work is to develop a refined method for the hydraulic calculation of flow division nodes with a calm flow regime. This goal is achieved by an analytical solution to the problem of determining the water depth in the nodes of flow division under a steady flow regime. The paper uses theoretical studies using the equation for changing the momentum, laboratory studies on a hydraulic model, field surveys of existing water intake units, and an analysis of the experimental data available in the literature on this issue. According to the theoretical studies, calculated dependencies were obtained to determine the depth of the main flow in front of the fission node. The equation is a cubic equation concerning the OX axis and a quadratic equation concerning the OY axis. These two equations are solved independently of each other and are intended to determine the flow depth h1, which is established before the fission node. Taking into account the simplicity of the solution for practical calculations, we recommend the first dependence, and the second dependence is proposed for performing control calculations.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2023
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