E3S Web Conf.
Volume 111, 2019CLIMA 2019 Congress
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Advanced HVAC&R&S Technology|
|Published online||13 August 2019|
A Preliminary Analysis on the Night Cooling Potential of Photovoltaic/thermal (PV/T) Panels for European Cities
International Centre for Indoor Environment and Energy, Department of Civil Engineering, Technical University of Denmark
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
A model of three PV/T collectors of 3.9 m2 area was developed in TRNSYS for analysing its cooling potential in Athens, Greece; Madrid, Spain; Milan, Italy; Bucharest, Romania; Frankfurt, Germany; Copenhagen, Denmark and Oslo, Norway between 1st of May and 30th of September. An in-depth analysis over the model was conducted for Copenhagen, Denmark where supply temperature, collector slope, and flow rate were varied. For the other six European cities subject to different climates, the only parameter varied was the supply temperature while the optimum slope for electricity production was selected for the PV/Ts. A coverage ratio was determined, representing the amount of cooling demand of an office room covered by the cooling energy produced by the PV/Ts. With respect to Europe, a higher cooling potential was found for northern climates. For a representative supply temperature of 21oC, a specific cooling power ranging from 35 to 70 W/m2 was determined. Finally, the same trend was visible for the coverage ratio, ranging from 55% to 120%. The results show that this cooling technology has a potential to be further used, when coupled to appropriate room cooling systems, such as water-based high temperature cooling systems.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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