E3S Web Conf.
Volume 135, 2019Innovative Technologies in Environmental Science and Education (ITESE-2019)
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Green Architecture and Sustainable Urban Design|
|Published online||04 December 2019|
Competitive regional clusters: international experience
Saint-Petersburg State University of Economics, 191023 21 Sadovaya str., St. Petersburg, Russia
2 Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, 305016 Kursk branch, 3 Lomonosova str., Kursk, Russia
3 Academy of Economic Studies of Moldova, 2005 61 Mitropolit Gavriil Banulescu-Bodoni str., Chisinau, Moldova
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Many countries is developing in the context of a multitude of global trends and challenges that noticeably change the “picture” of the world, positions, interests and opportunities of various players. An important role in the formation and change of this “picture” belongs to the sphere of science, technology, and innovation. Over the past 20 years, the European Commission has paid attention to the development of cluster policy. Today stands out several trends in the development of European cluster policy. In our opinion, economic activity in clusters tends to concentrate in certain areas, thus, clusters contribute to regional development and overcoming economic imbalances. Studying the accumulated European experience in the field of cluster initiatives and current trends allows us to identify the advantages and disadvantages of the existing mechanisms for the formation of Russian clusters. The article analyzes the Russian experience in the implementation of programs for the development of pilot regional innovation clusters and formulates signs of their sustainability.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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