E3S Web Conf.
Volume 142, 2020The 3rd International Conference on Agricultural and Life Sciences (ICALS 2019)
|Number of page(s)||4|
|Section||Agricultural Engineering and Technology|
|Published online||21 January 2020|
Selected Dominance Plant Species for Increasing Availability Production of Cattle Feed
Department of Animal Husbandry, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas of Jember.Jl. Kalimantan 37 – Kampus Tegal Boto Jember 68121, East Java, Indonesia
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Production and availability of plant species have an essential role as cattle feed. Feed supplies for animal depend on plant species to produce more preferred types of quantity and quality. The purpose of this study was to select dominance of plant species to increasing productivity and develop grazing area. The study was conducted at field farming with large area ± 1.2 ha, consists of 6 cows, and 10 goats in Bondowoso. Identification of species composition was conducted following method Braun-Blanquet scale using a line transect of 0-70 m at every 10 m interval to determine the adaptation of plant species. The purpose of this study was to determine the population of dominance plant species (%), and as information for the conservation of land areas to increase the availability of animal feed in Jember, East Java. The number of plant species as animal feed were 22, consist of 12 types of grass, 6 types of legumes, and 4 types of weeds. The population of grass species more than 75% consisted of Axonopus compessus (85.71%), Para Grass (82.14%), Bracharia decumben (75.00%), Kyllinga Brevifolia (75.00%), and clover was Centrosema Molle (78.57%). The comparison frequency between plant species consists of grass 57.77%, legumes 22.31%, and weeds 19.92%. The observation diversity of plant height was 17.16 cm, vegetation cover rate was 71%. The findings of this study suggest that Axonopus Compessus, Para Grass, Bracharia Decumben, Kyllinga Brevifolia, and Centrosema Molle are the dominance of plant species could increase production, and availability cattle feed in the grazing area.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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