E3S Web Conf.
Volume 146, 2020The 2019 International Symposium of the Society of Core Analysts (SCA 2019)
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Unconventionals and Shales|
|Published online||05 February 2020|
Towards Relative Permeability Measurements in Tight Gas Formations
Total SA, 64018 Avenue Larribau PAU cedex, France
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Relative permeability is a concept used to convey the reduction in flow capability due to the presence of multiple fluids. Relative permeability governs the multiphase flow, therefore it has a significant importance in understanding the reservoir behavior. These parameters are routinely measured on conventional rocks, however their measurement becomes quite challenging for low permeability rocks such as tight gas formations.
This study demonstrates a methodology for relative permeability measurements on tight gas samples. The gas permeability has been measured by the Step Decay method and two different techniques have been used to vary the saturations: steady state flooding and vapor desorption.
Series of steady-state gas/water simultaneous injection have been performed on a tight gas sample. After stabilization at each injection ratio, NMR T2, NMR Saturation profile and low pressure Step Decay gas permeability have been measured. In parallel, progressive desaturation by vapor desorption technique has been performed on twin plugs. After stabilization at each relative humidity level the NMR T2 and Step Decay gas permeability have been measured in order to compare and validate the two approaches.
The techniques were used to gain insight into the tight gas two phase relative permeability of extremely low petrophysical properties (K<100 nD, phi < 5 pu) of tight gas samples of Pyrophyllite outcrop.
The two methods show quite good agreement. Both methods demonstrate significant permeability degradation at water saturation higher than irreducible. NMR T2 measurements for both methods indicates bimodal T2-distributions, and desaturation first occurs on low T2 signal (small pores).
Comparison of humidity drying and steady-state desaturation technique has shown a 12-18 su difference between critical water saturation (Swc) measured in gas/water steady-state injection and irreducible saturation (Swirr) measured by vapor desorption.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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