E3S Web Conf.
Volume 195, 20204th European Conference on Unsaturated Soils (E-UNSAT 2020)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Experimental Evidence and Techniques|
|Published online||16 October 2020|
Experimental and numerical analysis of soil desiccating cracks in compacted and non-compacted specimens
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, UPC-BarcelonaTECH. Barcelona, Spain
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This paper presents the results and analysis of two cracking tests carried on specimens of silty clay. One specimen was prepared in slurry conditions without applying energy and the other specimen was compacted. They were dried in an environmental chamber at a constant temperature and relative humidity to study the effect of the initial consistency on the cracking behaviour. Weight measurements and photographic images taken at regular intervals documented the evolution of the specimens. THM models were then carried to capture the unsaturated flow in the porous medium due to evaporation, and its resulting shrinkage. All the numerical analyses were coupled, incorporating the effect of porosity change on the balance equations and the constitutive model. The transfer coefficients in the imposed drying boundary condition were based on calculations of aerodynamic surface resistances, taking into consideration the new fronts for evaporation created by the cracks. The constructed numerical model results capture the gravimetric water content loss and the occurring shrinkage for both specimen conditions.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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