E3S Web Conf.
Volume 246, 2021Cold Climate HVAC & Energy 2021
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Published online||29 March 2021|
Assessment of downward draught in high-glazing facades in cold climates – experimental and CFD study into draught control with a 21-type radiator
1 Department of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Tallinn University of Technology, 19086 Tallinn, Estonia
2 Department of Civil Engineering, Aalto University, 00076 Aalto, Finland
3 Smart City Center of Excellence, Tallinn University of Technology, 19086 Tallinn, Estonia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
This paper investigates the interaction of a radiator’s thermal plume and downdraught of cold glazed surfaces. Draughts in working areas are one of the most common thermal comfort complaints in modern buildings. A typical solution for dealing with these draughts is positioning the heat emitters such as radiators or convectors under the windows. However, with thermally efficient envelopes, the internal loads compromise a relatively high fraction of the heating demand and the emitters are working under partial loads in modern buildings. This study comprises two parts: an experimental phase in the EN442 standardized test chamber with a 21-type radiator, and a CFD simulation phase, where the model is validated and applied under an expanded set of boundary conditions. The expanded simulation set results provide preliminary insight into sizing and design. More specifically, the thermal plume can be parametrised with a velocity and temperature value along with the room air and glazing temperatures for a broader analysis and assessment of the risk of draught.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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