E3S Web Conf.
Volume 89, 2019The 2018 International Symposium of the Society of Core Analysts (SCA 2018)
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Section||Laboratory Core Analysis|
|Published online||29 March 2019|
An Investigation of Recovery Mechanisms for Oil Field Optimization by Three-Phase Core Flood and Simulation Studies
BP, Sunbury on Thames, United Kingdom
* Corresponding author: Christopher.Jones2@uk.bp.com
Two potential recovery mechanisms are being considered for a major ﬁeld which required laboratory measurements to investigate the efﬁciency of the two scenarios: gas ﬂood followed by water ﬂood and water ﬂood followed by gas ﬂood. Although simply stated, the recovery scenarios involved complex three-phase processes which had to be replicated in the laboratory at reservoir conditions to provide reliable data upon which reservoir development decisions could be made. The ﬁrst sequence consisted of water displacing oil to residual oil saturation (Sorw), oil displacing water to residual water saturation (Swro) and gas displacing both oil and water to Sor3φ,g and Swr3φ,g. The second sequence consisted of gas displacing oil to residual oil saturation (Sorg), oil displacing gas to trapped gas saturation (Sgto) and water displacing both oil and gas to Sor3φ,w and Sgt3φ,w respectively. Composite cores of four well-matched plugs at Swi were used and all measurements were made at bubble point conditions. A vertical core holder was housed inside a reservoir condition facility equipped with gamma attenuation saturation monitoring (GASM). Temperature stability and the use of GASM were paramount for the accurate measurement of produced ﬂuids, especially trapped gas saturation. Oil, gas and water produced volumes were also measured using a separator housed inside the core ﬂood oven to provide optimum temperature stability. The laboratory results were modelled in a compositional simulator using an equation of state tuned to conventional PVT data and both swelling and multiple contact experiments. The objective was to build a three-phase predictive model from the constituent two-phase relative permeability data. The paper details the experimental methods and presents results for each section of the two sequences. The key conclusions are that Sorg>Sorw> Sor3φ,g> Sor3φ,w and Sgt3φ,w< Sgto.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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